The Book of Romans
God’s Judgment of Good People
Religious people, self-righteous people, and so-called “good” people need a Savior! Our study of chapter two will reveal certain principles that God is going to use to judge “good” people. Chapter one revealed that man is guilty of sin. Chapter two reveals that man’s standards of righteousness are not the same as God’s standards. Chapter two is not talking about salvation but it is talking about sin and the basis on which God will judge man.
The Scriptures present Jesus Christ as the only means of attaining eternal life and escaping God’s righteous judgment. 1 John 5:11-12, And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son. He that hath the Son hath life; and he that hath not the Son of God hath not life. John 5:24, Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life.
You may be a religious person, you may be a “good” person, but without Jesus Christ you do not have eternal life, you will not go to heaven!
I. God’s Judgment is Fair
- V 6, Who will render to every man according to his deeds. Salvation by works or good deeds is not under consideration but God’s judgment. Absolute justice is God’s standard for judgment and rewards. Salvation is based on faith and is a gift from God. Ephesians 2:8, For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God. God judgment is fair because He judges on the bases of deeds and truth. Acts 10:22, And they said, Cornelius the centurion, a just man, and one that feareth God, and of good report among all the nation of the Jews, was warned from God by an holy angel to send for thee into his house, and to hear words of thee. Cornelius was a good man but he was unsaved until Peter witnessed to him and he trusted in Jesus Christ.
- V 7, To them who by patient continuance in well doing seek for glory and honour and immortality, eternal life. A way of life is the basis of judgment. The “good” person will be judged according to his works. Revelation 20:12, And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works. The individual who wants to work for his salvation many do so. However, their works will be of no benefit because their name is not written in the book of life. Revelation 20:15, And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire. Trusting Christ as Savior puts a persons name in the “book of life.” Salvation is not a reward for effort but a gift for trusting in Christ through faith. The “good” person will be judged for his own sins.
- Vs 8-10, But unto them that are contentious, and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, indignation and wrath, Tribulation and anguish, upon every soul of man that doeth evil, of the Jew first, and also of the Gentile; But glory, honour, and peace, to every man that worketh good, to the Jew first, and also to the Gentile. In contrast to true saving faith, which results in obedience and godly living, even though a person may occasional fall short; the unbeliever is facing God judgment. When God measured the deed of the Jews, He found them just as wicked as the Gentiles. The fact that the Jews occasionally celebrated a feast or regularly honored the Sabbath Day did not change the fact that their daily living was in disobediences to God.
- V 11, For there is no respect of persons with God. God has no favorites. God judges all men alike. Church membership, a good family, being an outstanding citizen has no advantage with God. The important question that each individual must answer is have I trusted in Jesus Christ as my Savior?
II. God Will Judge Guilty Sinners
- Vs 12-14, For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish without law: and as many as have sinned in the law shall be judged by the law; (For not the hearers of the law are just before God, but the doers of the law shall be justified. For when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are a law unto themselves. The Law of Moses was the key difference between Jews and Gentiles. The law does not save a person but only revels sin as people fall short of the law’s requirements.
- The Gentiles did not have the Mosaic Law as a moral guide, but they did have an inner law that informed their conscience. All humans instinctively know that they are created in God’s image. Genesis 1:26-27, And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them. The moral law will accuse or excuse daily moral choices, but ultimately it demonstrates that all people fall short of God’s holiness.
III. God’s Judgment is based on the Condition of the Heart
- V 15, Which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another;) God not only judges according to truth and according to man’s deeds, he also judges the secrets of the heart. A person may be moral on the outside but what about the heart? God not only sees the deeds but he also sees the thoughts and intent of the heart. Hebrews 4:12, For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.
- V 16, In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ according to my gospel. There is a false ideal that because a person is “good” that they will be saved. God is going to judge sinners according to the Word of God. John 3:16-19, For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved. He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God. And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil.
The unbeliever is condemned in the sight of God not because of their ignorance of God but because of their rejection of Jesus Christ. Many people consider themselves to be “good.” But the only source of righteous judgment is God. All men have a sense of right and wrong as exhibited by their conscience. However, when they violate the moral law within their hearts, they blame their heredity or environment or rationalize their actions instead of repenting. The unbeliever will be judged without partiality, according to truth, their works, and the gospel. God judgment is fair. God’s will judge guilty sinners. God’s judgment is based on the condition of the heart.
Created and Researched by Pastor Dennis Baker
Zion Baptist Church
3485 New Baumgartner Rd. - St. Louis, MO 63129 - Phone: 314-846-1867